Margaret Thatcher - Famous Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1979-1990. She is the first woman in Europe to occupy this position. In the 20th century, Thatcher’s premiership was the longest. For harsh criticism of the USSR, she received the nickname "Iron Lady".
In this article we consider the main events of the Thatcher biography, as well as the most interesting facts from her life.
So, before you is a short biography of Thatcher.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925 in the English county of Grantham. Her father, Alfred Roberts, had 2 food stalls. He was interested in politics, was a local judge in small civil cases, and was also a Methodist pastor.
Margaret's mother, Beatrice Itel, worked as a dressmaker. In addition to Margaret, she gave birth to a girl Muriel. Parents raised their daughters in moderate severity.
Childhood and youth
As the father was a highly educated and intelligent man, he instilled a love for literature in girls and repeatedly went with them to the library.
When Margaret Thatcher got a little older, the head of the family took her to the board meetings.Margaret Thatcher as a child
There she could see how meetings were held, and how various speakers were speaking from the stands. Even then, the girl was able to learn some experience with regard to eloquence and demeanor before the public.
Thatcher originally went to school on Huntingtower Road. Thanks to her excellent studies and diligent behavior, she began to pay a scholarship to study at the School for Girls. In addition to studying school subjects, she was also interested in art and sports.
After classes, she went swimming, practiced walking, played field hockey and took piano lessons.
After receiving a school certificate, Margaret studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford University. As a result, she graduated with honors from the university, becoming a bachelor of science.
In 1946, Margaret Thatcher was chairman of the Conservative Party Association at Oxford University. After graduation, she went to Colchester, where she became a member of a local association. Making significant progress in the political arena, already in 1951, the girl participated in the elections from the Conservative Party.
At the gala dinner, organized on the occasion of her approval as a candidate for elections, Thatcher met a successful entrepreneur and public figure Denis Thatcher.Margaret Thatcher in her youth
Young people showed interest to each other, after which they began a romance. It is worth noting that during the election race, the politician also worked in an organization that studies food additives.
In the elections to the Parliament of 1950-1951. Margaret could not win, but she managed to attract a lot of attention. In the newspapers about the woman-politician many articles were written. She was predicted to have a good future and an increase in the number of supporters in the next election.
Before taking the post of British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher had to go through many trials. In 1959 she became a member of the House of Commons.
In their speeches before the officials, Thatcher demanded new reforms and changes in the tenets of the Conservative Party. An interesting fact is that she wanted to legitimize punishment by means of rods.
In 1961, after the defeat of the party, Margaret became involved in housing issues. Later, she harshly criticized Labor’s ideology.
The Iron Lady called for legalizing abortions, reducing taxes, stopping persecution of members of sexual minorities, etc. At the same time, Thatcher supported the restoration of the death penalty. Many of her statements shocked the male officials.
Margaret Thatcher was a supporter of the American control system, considering it almost perfect. When she worked at the US Embassy in England in 1967, she managed to get acquainted with leading political figures.
After the Conservatives won elections in 1970, Thatcher took the post of Minister of Education and Science. She sought by all means to save the country's treasury from ruin. Sometimes the politician resorted to radical measures. For example, she abolished the issuance of milk in schools, which caused discontent in society.
British Prime Minister
After the Conservative Party lost the election in 1974, Margaret Thatcher decided to become its head. She promised to carry out significant changes in the ideology of the party, which in her opinion should have brought success.Young Thatcher
In 1979, the people believed that Thatcher’s promises and chose her as British Prime Minister. At that time, the country was not in the best position. Endless strikes, unemployment, inflation and other factors caused a storm of indignation among the British. For this reason, the "Iron Lady" adopted a series of super-rigid reforms, trying to bring the state to prosperity.
Margaret Thatcher has established relations with the British colonies on the African continent. Thanks to this, she was able to strengthen her influence in the region.
In 1984, an event occurred in Thatcher’s biography that could have cost her her life. The prime minister was assassinated by members of the Irish Republican Army. As a result, several innocent people died, but Thatcher herself was still alive.
Thatcher about Russia
During her premiership, Margaret Thatcher sought to make Britain the leader in world affairs. She has repeatedly criticized the actions of the Soviet government. In particular, the woman blamed the leadership of the USSR for trying to dominate the world at the expense of military power.
For this reason, Thatcher was among those who wanted to lead the USSR to collapse. She managed to find the person who helped her achieve this goal. It was Mikhail Gorbachev, who was distinguished, in the opinion of Thatcher’s consultants, by negligence and vanity.Margaret Thatcher and Mikhail Gorbachev
Even before Gorbachev became the General Secretary, he flew to the UK, where he was given a "royal reception". Margaret Thatcher, in various ways, tried to find an approach to the Soviet policy and endear him.
It is worth noting that in a similar way the woman acted in relation to Boris Yeltsin.
Although Thatcher did a lot of good things for her country, she had a low level of trust among the population. An interesting fact is that something similar experienced in his biography and the famous Winston Churchill.
However, Margaret was not interested in her rating, both among the British and among officials. It played a cruel joke on her. When the prime minister began to neglect the opinions of colleagues more often, they decided to remove Thatcher from her position.
As a result, in 1990, the "iron lady" had to leave his post. Thatcher remained a member of the House for several years, after which she decided to completely withdraw from politics.
After retiring to the well-deserved rest, Margaret began writing memoirs, and later published several books. She, as before, criticized the government, accusing some politicians of their inertia and uselessness.
In 1951, Margaret became the wife of Denis Thatcher. Many believed that the marriage took place according to the calculation, because the businessman helped his wife to move up the career ladder.
However, the Thatcher family union was surprisingly strong. The couple lived together for many years, raising 2 children - Mark and Carol. Denis loved his spouse and always supported her in all matters. He did not take offense at the fact that Margaret was often not at home, because he understood her workload.Margaret Thatcher with her husband
Thatcher's husband died in 2003 at the age of 89. He died of pancreatic cancer and fluid in the lungs. The death of her husband seriously undermined the health of a woman who barely left the house.
In 2012, Margaret Thatcher was operated on. She removed a bladder tumor, after which her state of health began to deteriorate rapidly. She began hallucinations.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher died April 8, 2013 at the age of 87 years. Her body was cremated, and the dust was buried next to her husband in a cemetery in Chelsea.